What are they?
When people have average or above-average intelligence but have a hard time keeping up with their peers in learning they are said to have a learning disability. If there is an official clinical diagnosis of a problem it is called a learning disorder. Common Learning Disabilities include problems with speaking, learning to read, doing math, reasoning and writing.
What causes them?
The causes are not well understood however researchers do know that heredity can play a factor and it’s not uncommon for Learning Disabilities to ‘run in the family’. Problems during pregnancy or birth can also cause problems that show up as Learning Disabilities. Finally, accidents after birth such as injury or exposure to toxins can lead to learning difficulties.
Humans are adaptable and there are a great many interventions that can help children reach their potential. Therapists help children find strategies to cope with whatever is causing them difficulty.
Having a learning disability can be emotionally stressful, and the stress can be as much a problem for the individual as the underlying condition. Kids may have a hard time understanding why they do not learn as easily as others, or feel they are ‘stupid.’ Also about one third of people with a learning disability also have ADHD.
Looking down the road
Many people with Learning Disabilities learn how to cope effectively and can pursue whatever ambitions suit them. Appropriate support can play a big role in their success.